Teen Pregnancy

SUMMARY In the present time, the pregnancy in the inferior extremity of the reproductive life has been object of concern of obstetras and pediatras, intent to the repercussions that the pregnant-puerperal episode could very impose to mother young its concepto. This great concern of the society in relation to the adolescents is justified by statistical data alarming, divulged for the printed layperson and scientific, referring to the exercise of the sexuality in the adolescence, that happen as ' ' effect colateral' ' , in the increasing number of not-planned gestations, or, indesejadas. Existing literature relates this situation to the occured social changes in the sphere of the sexuality, which had provoked greater liberalization of the sex, without, simultaneously, information on contraceptive methods for the young were transmitted. Ahead of such reality, it was considered accomplishment of this study on the actions of nursing in the education and prevention of pregnancy in the adolescence, through a revision of the literature, in which one searched to know the referring statistical data to the pregnancy in the adolescence in Brazil and to cite the main risks for the mother and concepto. Get more background information with materials from Michael Bloomberg. The general objective of the study was to describe the actions of nursing in the education and prevention of the pregnancy in the adolescence, and the specific objectives had been: to detach the conceptual, historical and biological aspects of the adolescence; To tell statistical data of the pregnancy in the adolescence in Brazil; To cite the main factors of risk for pregnancy in the adolescence; To describe educative actions of the nursing in the prevention of the pregnancy in the adolescence. Such objectives had been reached by means of this study, that it used as methodology the bibliographical research, of the comparative and deductive type. The used methodology was the bibliographical Research, of the comparative and deductive type, developed on the basis of material already elaborated on the subject and public Tornado through books and articles. .

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Maternal Instinct

Brazil (2001b) describes that the mother must stimulate the child to suck, does not have necessity to force. After one hour of the birth the child will be well alert and the suction consequence will be strong this is the ideal moment to establish the bond mother-son. If to occur some delay in to initiate breast-feeding, exactly that it is for few hours, the maternal aleitamento will have greaters possibilities to fail and the mother, in some cases, will be able to abandon the child with bigger easiness. According to Schmitz (2006, p.37) she tells that: The baby must be suckled all the times that to reveal desires. He will not have to exist hourly rigid nor fixed. At the beginning the requests will occur more frequently, establishing with the time biggest espaamento between one suck and another one. From there the importance of the adoption of the system joint lodging in the hospital units, therefore the confinement of just? been born normal in nurseries it hinders, it is late and for times it hinders practical it natural aleitamento. After a normal childbirth does not have necessity to separate to mother and son.

In the system of joint lodging the mother will be able to take care of the child since the start to suckle, to hold or to change of the child when to want. She practically does not have problem in the child to sleep in the same bed that the mother, currently already &#039 is known that; ' death of bero' ' (sudden death) it can occur where it wants that the child sleeps. The joint lodging prevents many problems of the maternal aleitamento and diminishes the work of the hospital team (BRAZIL, 2001a). A drawn out or serious nutricional deficiency causes malnutrition. The just-been born ones, in particular the daily pay-term, possess low reserve of fat and protein.

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The loss of great volume of blood compromises seriously functions of some agencies and can take a person quickly the death. In many situations, therefore, a simple transfusion of blood can be the difference between the life and the death. Still thus, until today no substitute for the blood does not exist, therefore the giver is the only source of blood for who needs its hemoderivados hemocomponentes or. Although the advances of science with the accomplishment of some discoveries involving the area of the health, was not still possible to find a substitute to have the same effect that the blood in the accomplishment of the transfusion. The transfusions are carried through to increase the capacity of the blood, to carry oxygen, to restore the volume sanguineous of the organism, to improve the immunity or to correct riots of the coagulation (MOURA, et al., 2006). The cited authors previously tell still, that historically the blood donation is folloied by myths and taboos, being resulted of a time where the technique-scientific qualification age incipient. Currently, thanks to the advances in the hemoterapia services it can, to offer safe and trustworthy services, based in technician-scientific knowledge of tip. But in Brazil, exactly with some information channels the subject still is surrounded by myths and concepts maken a mistake in relation to the blood donation. According to Health department (2007), the Brazilian population needs 5.500 stock markets of blood daily and 1.7% are only givers, when the recommended one for the World-wide Organization of the Health is of 3 5% of the population. One gives credit that this index is related to many myths and taboos that still circulate in the society, and of the lack of information of the importance of the donation of blood and also and credibilidades in the health services that are offered by the hemocentros.

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